Lesson 10: Underplant trees with blooms and foliage
Instead of planting grass (which competes for nutrients) under a tree, grow flowering plants that have shallow roots, such as shade-loving annuals. If tree roots make digging difficult, create pockets between the roots and sink in potted plants for the season.
Lesson 11: Incorporate a tree stump into your garden bed
Although a tree stump can be an eyesore, in this garden it becomes a pedestal for an orchid specimen. Surrounding the stump, flowering plants highlight its contribution to the garden.