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Garlic Seed (bulbils)

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Garlic Seed (bulbils)

Postby Durgan » Oct 27, 2012 10:08 am

http://www.durgan.org/URL/?JZSFA 12 October 2012 Planting Garlic Seed (bulbils)
Garlic seed called bulbils produce only one large clove the first year of growth. Planting the clove again three cloves are produced. Planing the third year perfect clones of the parent are produced. Planting successively year after years makes more of the main crop available for use. Another advantage is the bulbils are completely disease free. Garlic is asexual so no new garlic is ever produced only clones of the original.Garlic in my area is planted in October and harvested the following year in early July. It is amongst the easiest vegetables to grow.

http://www.durgan.org/URL/?HIBIY 31 July 2012 Collecting Garlic Seeds (bulbils)
Seeds collected, washed in water and allowed to dry.
Zone 5 Brantford,ON
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Re: Garlic Seed (bulbils)

Postby mollyzone5 » Nov 03, 2012 9:22 am

For the garlic to produce seed,do you leave the scapes on to produce the seed? Will this give you seed the first year?Not quite understanding this.Would like to try it though.
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Re: Garlic Seed (bulbils)

Postby Durgan » Nov 03, 2012 11:17 am

mollyzone5 wrote:For the garlic to produce seed,do you leave the scapes on to produce the seed? Will this give you seed the first year?Not quite understanding this.Would like to try it though.


Don't remove the scapes, which are the seed producing stem. The seed pod forms at the end of the scape like most seed producing plants.Let them mature and dry out for about a month after pulling the main garlic. The bulb is still useful to eat, but it will be a bit open so storage time is shortened.

For the main harvest I usually cut off the scapes, ascribing to the theory that more energy will go into the bulbs, hence producing larger cloves. I really don't believe this, since the cloves produced by the bulbs that produced seeds were quite a bit larger than the main crop with the scapes removed. In 2013, I will leave the scapes on for the main crop, maybe remove the actual seed pod or flower. When the garlic is pulled (first week of July) the scapes have not had enough time to produce seeds. One seed pod produces many seeds.

I only followed this procedure once about five years ago, so know exactly what to expect. From the seed one nice, large clove forms at harvest time the first year. Dry this and plant again in October. The next year three nice sized cloves form. Dry these and plant again in October. The third year one gets perfect normal bulbs exact clones of the original bulb.

I suppose one could use the clove formed from the first year's seed, and just plant seed in future years. The one clove is exceptionally large, but I never tried storing so don't know how long it would keep. It would make peeling very easy. In 2013, I will try drying and storing to determine if this is feasible.
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Re: Garlic Seed (bulbils)

Postby Durgan » Nov 03, 2012 11:33 am

mollyzone5 wrote:For the garlic to produce seed,do you leave the scapes on to produce the seed? Will this give you seed the first year?Not quite understanding this.Would like to try it though.


Here is my 2011/2012 Garlic Effort.
http://www.durgan.org/URL/?HIBIY 31 July 2012 Collecting Garlic Seeds
Seeds collected, washed in water and allowed to dry.

http://www.durgan.org/URL/?DTOIB 14 July 2012. Garlic. Final preparation for storage
Garlic was trimmed in preparation for storage.There are slightly more than 100 bulbs for storage.

http://www.durgan.org/URL/?ILQFH 14 July 2012 Garlic.
Scapes allowed to grow to form seeds. Now in the flowering stage.

http://www.durgan.org/URL/?TCXKI 1 July 2012 Garlic Harvested.
Garlic was harvested today, about 140 plants were harvested. Sixteen of the largest were set aside for planting for the 2013 year. The soil was loosened with a fork then the plant pulled. Ten plants were slip knot tied into a bundle and hung to dry in partial shade. Later they were hung in the shed for curing. There were about ten rejects due to damage or malformed bulbs, and ten plants with small bulbs were set aside for immediate use.The harvest was almost identical to previous years. My garlic bulbs has six cloves of almost the same size.Ten plants with scapes still on were left to produce seed. Almost all the mulch applied in 2011 has disappeared.The soil was very dry.I pull my garlic when the lower leaves start to die off,usually within the first five days of July.Storage garlic is better pulled early rather than late. It stores longer.

http://www.durgan.org/URL/?SXHNW 5 June 2012 Garlic Scapes Removed
The scapes were removed from the garlic plants. Twelve were not removed so bulbils (the garlic seeds) can be produced, and after three years with successive planting will produce normal size clone bulbs.

http://www.durgan.org/URL/?CFGOS 15 May 2012 Garlic Growth
A new area is selected for garlic each year. This area tends to be rather wet but is well drained. The wetness was of some concern, but it now appears to be beneficial.The garlic plants this year are the most robust seen over the last five years, and there is two months before harvest about the 10 of July 2012.

http://www.durgan.org/URL/?QIVZF 22 March 2012 Garlic Thriving

http://www.durgan.org/URL/?DTNMZ 24 Ocober 2011 Planting Hard Neck Garlic
About 100 cloves of hard neck garlic was planted in a 8 by 8 foot bed. Cloves were planted at six inch spacing with the base firmly pushed into the soil at a depth (base) of about two inches. The bulbs were saved from the 2011 crop, and were large, with from five to seven cloves in each bulb. The bed was mulched with wood chips to limit the effects of the normal winter thawing and freezing cycles, and to limit moisture loss due to evaporation. The vegetation has no difficulty pushing through the mulch in the Spring. The bed wont be touched until the scapes (seed pods) are removed, and then the harvest about the 10 of July 2012. A new bed area is selected each year, which is laced with compost and worked into the underlying soil.
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