Gardens - Fruit & Vegetable Gardening

Wild about mushrooms

Laura Langston

How to forage for mushrooms in the fall

798px-Chanterelle-Cantharellus-c.jpg Left: Chanterelle e.g., yellow chanterelle (Cantharellus cibarius); winter chanterelle (C. tubaeformis). Where to look: Mossy locations with mature stands of trees; often in groups. Its distinctive-looking cap makes it easy to identify. Large family with many types. Photo by Strobilomyces.

800px-Boletus-edulis-EtgHollande.jpgRight: Bolete e.g., king bolete a.k.a. porcini or cepe (Boletus edulis). Where to look: Near oak or pine trees.The non-toxic king bolete has a distinctive swollen appearance. Some species are poisonous: e.g., devil’s bolete a.k.a. Satan’s mushroom (B. satanas). Never eat boletes that have red or orange pores. Photo by Strobilomyces.

505px-Smardz-Morchella-Ejdzej-20.jpgLeft: Morel (a.k.a. pinecone, sponge or brain) e.g., common morel (Morchella esculenta); black morel (M. elata). Where to look: Forests, orchards, gardens; or near stream banks, often after fires. Generally grows in spring. Distinctive sponge-like head and pale, hollow body. Raw mushrooms can cause mild allergic reaction when consumed with alcohol. Photo by Ejdzej.

puffball.jpgRight: Puffball (Lycoperdon spp. and Calvatia spp.). Where to look: Open woodlands, pastures, barren areas, lawns. Edible when young; toxic when mature. Cut in half to ensure inside is completely white and uniform. Can be confused with poisonous death angel, or destroying angel (Amanita virosa).

oyster.jpgLeft: Oyster (Pleurotus ostreatus). Where to look: On dead trees—standing or fallen. Large clusters of white to light grey, fan-shaped, overlapping caps. Relatively safe to collect; not easily confused with poisonous mushrooms. Photo by Jean-Pol Grandmont.

pine.jpgRight: Pine a.k.a. champignon du pin, matsutake (Tricholoma). Where to look: At higher altitudes in stands of Douglas fir, as well as pine forests. Fresh mushrooms have a cinnamon-like scent. Can be mistaken for the poisonous Amanita smithiana, which does not have a spicy odour. Photo by Tomomarusan.

wood-blewitt.jpgLeft: Wood blewit (Clitocybe nuda syn. Lepista nuda). Where to find: Among or under fallen tree needles or wood chips; sometimes hidden in fallen leaves. Bluish purple when young; matures to dull brown. Some species, including ivory funnel (C. dealbata), are poisonous. Wood blewit can be confused with the toxic Cortinarius species (silver-violet with brown spores that eventually darken the gills). Photo by Archenzo.

honey-fungus.jpgRight: Honey fungus a.k.a. bootlace fungus (Armillaria mellea). Where to find:Base of living or dead trees or stumps. Found in massive bunches. Cyclical: some years they are plentiful, other years, scarce. Raw mushroom is toxic; cook well. Some people have allergic reactions.

shaggy-mane-by-Anneli-Salo.JPGLeft: Shaggy mane a.k.a. lawyer’s wig (Coprinus comatus). Where to find: On grass, soil or wood chips. Tall, with a columnar-shaped cap that’s white with a brown central disc and scale-like skin; delicate. Black spores released as they mature can discolour other mushrooms. May be confused with the alcohol inky cap, a.k.a. common inkcap (Coprinus atramentarius), which is toxic when consumed with alcohol. Photo by Anneli Salo.

Hedgehog-fungi2.jpgRight: Hedgehog (Hydnum repandum). Where to find: Most grow under conifers or hardwood trees; others grow as shelves on standing trees. Resembles a large chanterelle; has firm, dense flesh. Late bloomers, often appearing after other mushrooms have fruited. Photo by D J Kelly.


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