Gardens - Herb Gardening

Grow a bouquet of herbs

By
Laura Langston
Photography by
Roger Yip

Spice up your life by planting an easy-to-grow herb garden

KEY: Culinary: C, Tea: T, Medicinal: M, Floral & Craft: F

HERBS FOR PARTIAL SHADE (3 to 4 hours of sun daily)
• Yarrow (Achillea millefolium, Zone 3) F
• Anise hyssop (Agastache foeniculum, Zone 6) T
• Lady's mantle (Alchemilla mollis, Zone 4) F
• Chives (Allium schoenoprasum, Zone 3) C
• Chervil (Anthriscus cerefolium, annual) C
• Borage (Borago officinalis, annual) C & M
• Pot marigold (Calendula officinalis, annual) M & F
• Coriander, cilantro (Coriandrum sativum, annual) C
• Fennel (Foeniculum vulgare, Zone 6) C
• St. John's wort (Hypericum perforatum, Zone 3) M
• Bay (Laurus nobilis, Zone 8) C
• Lovage (Levisticum officinale, Zone 3) M
• Bergamot (Monarda didyma, Zone 4) T
• Parsley (Petroselinum crispum, Zone 5) C
• Feverfew (Tanacetum parthenium, Zone 4) M
• Lemon balm (Melissa officinalis, Zone 3) M
• Valerian (Valeriana officinalis, Zone 4) M

HERBS FOR SHADE (need a few hours of filtered light daily)
• Archangel (Angelica archangelica, Zone 4) T
• Sweet woodruff (Galium odoratum, Zone 5) M
• Goldenseal (Hydrastis canadensis, Zone 3) M
• Elecampane (Inula helenium, Zone 4) M
• Mint - Many to choose from. Some of my favourites: Water mint (Mentha aquatica, Zone 6), ginger mint (M. x gracilis ‘Variegata', Zone 6), peppermint (M. piperita, Zone 5), spearmint (M. spicata, Zone 4) and apple mint (M. suaveolens, Zone 6) C
• Sweet Cicely (Myrrhis odorata, Zone 3) C & M
• Comfrey (Symphytum officinale, Zone 3) M
• Sweet violet (Viola odorata, Zone 5) F

POISONOUS PLANTS
Plant markers are important when you're just familiarizing yourself with herbs. They'll help you keep track of the plants and avoid confusion. They'll also mark perennials that die back in winter. Garden centres and herb farms have a variety of ceramic, wooden or slate markers or make your own by painting the names on garden stones. Whatever you choose, remember the following are poisonous:

• Boxwood (Buxus sempervirens, Zone 6)
• Columbine (Aquilegia vulgaris, Zone 3)
• Castor bean (Ricinus communis, Zone 9)
• Black locust (Robinia pseudoacacia, Zone 3)
• Foxglove (Digitalis purpurea, Zone 4)
• English ivy (Hedera helix, Zone 5)
• Monkshood (Aconitum napellus, Zone 2)
• Golden chain tree (Laburnum anagyroides, Zone 5)
• Opium poppies (Papaver somniferum, annual)
• Pokeweeds (Phytolacca americana, Zone 5)

SUN-LOVING HERBS (6 to 8 hours of direct sun daily)
• Lemon verbena (Aloysia triphylla, Zone 8) T
• Marsh mallow (Althaea officinalis, Zone 3) M
• Dill (Anethum graveolens, annual) C
• Sweet Annie (Artemisia annua, annual) F
• Tarragon (Artemisia dracunculus, Zone 3) C
• Chamomile (Chamaemelum nobile, Zone 6) T
• Clove pink (Dianthus caryophyllus, Zone 7) F
• Coneflower (Echinacea, Zone 3) M
• Lavender (Lavandula angustifolia ‘Hidcote', Zone 5), and French lavender (L. stoechas, Zone 8) T & F
• Catnip (Nepeta cataria, Zone 3) M
• Basil (Ocimum basilicum, Zone 9) C
• Hardy marjoram (Origanum x majoricum, Zone 6) C
• Oregano (O. vulgare, Zone 5) C
• Scented geraniums: Many to choose from. Some of my favourites: Pelargonium ‘Attar of Roses', ‘Old Spice' and ‘Rober's Lemon Rose', P. crispum ‘Variegated Prince Rupert' (Zone 10) F
• Rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis, Zone 8) C
• Sage (Salvia officinalis cvs., Zone 5) C
• Summer savory (Satureja hortensis, annual) C
• Winter savory (S. montana, Zone 5) C
• Tansy (Tanacetum vulgare syn. Chrysanthemum vulgare, annual) F
• Thyme (Thymus vulgaris, Zone 4) C

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