Plants - Roses

What's new in roses

Our picks of the latest and greatest rose plants, plus companions, cultivation and care

ROSE HIPS
When shopping for a rose, consider its potential as a four-season plant. While it can be hard to see past the blooms to the other attractive elements, hips on roses provide their fall and winter colour, and there's a lot of variety in this department. From yellow and orange to bright red and burgundy, hips come in all shapes and sizes. The hips of Rosa multiflora, a Japanese native, are up to six millimetres long. The shrub is a vigorous grower-the species is actually considered invasive in some parts of the U.S. where it was formerly used as hedging-and is frequently used as rootstock. The yellow hips of ‘Lilac Charm' appear in late fall, after this floribunda's lilac-mauve blooms, and show up well against its dark green foliage. The orange-red hips of ‘William Booth', a hardy, disease-resistant Explorer rose, follow its fragrant, deep pink flowers. Rugosas produce beautiful bright red hips, and their foliage turns bronze in fall. They're tough as nails and can be grown to form a dense hedge.

AWARD WINNERS
If you want to know what the trends are in roses, a review of All-America Rose Selection winners over the last 10 years tells the tale. Out of a total of 34 varieties, floribundas, hybrid teas, grandifloras and shrubs were fairly equally represented (hybrid teas led the pack with 10), but only one miniature (‘Sun Sprinkles', 2001) and one climber (‘Fourth of July', 1999) made the cut. Double blooms dominate the list, with only one single (‘Starry Night', 2002) making an appearance.

In solid-coloured blooms, reds appear to be on the decline (only three), while orange is on the rise (four). But the biggest representation went to bicolour and blended types, with a total of 14, including two ‘Peace' offspring.

Here are the 2005 AARS winners, which will be available next year (zone information was not available at press time for ‘Elle', ‘Lady Elsie May' or ‘About Face'):
‘DayDream' is a compact shrub rose that grows to 60 centimetres tall and produces large clusters of single, scented, pink blooms all summer. It's disease-resistant and hardy to Zone 4.
‘Elle' is a disease-resistant hybrid tea with 12-centimetre, pale pink flowers with yellow undertones and dark, glossy foliage.
‘Lady Elsie May' is an upright, vigorous shrub that produces clusters of 10-centimetre-wide, lightly scented, coral pink flowers with 12 to 14 petals.
‘About Face' is a golden yellow and orange-red bicolour grandiflora. The blooms measure up to 12 centimetres wide and have a mild apple fragrance.

SOURCES
Rosa ‘Ballerina': 1, ‘Bonica': 2, ‘Cherry Parfait': 3, ‘Easy Going': 4, ‘Eureka': 5, ‘Eutin': 6, ‘Fourth of July': 7, ‘Goldfinch': 8, ‘Graham Thomas': 9, ‘Hot Cocoa': 10, ‘John Davis': 11, ‘Kent': 12, ‘Lilac Charm': 13, ‘Orange Triumph': 14, ‘Roberta Bondar': 15, ‘Royal Bonica': 16, ‘Sophia Renaissance': 17, ‘Starry Night': 18, ‘Sun Sprinkles': 19, ‘William Booth': 20, ‘Winnipeg Parks': 21, R. multiflora: 22, R. rugosa: 23, R. r. ‘Alba': 24. These very new cultivars are difficult to find: ‘About Face', ‘DayDream', ‘Elle', ‘Halle', ‘Lady Elsie May', ‘Sugar and Spice', ‘Tatton'. ‘Augusta' is an old cultivar we were unable to source.

Brentwood Bay Nurseries: 1, 2, 4, 8, 9, 12, 15, 16, 21, 22, 24.
Centre jardin et pépinière: 9, 11, 20, 21.
Heirloom Roses: 1, 15, 16, 20, 21, 23, 24.
Hole's Greenhouses & Gardens Ltd.: 1, 3-5, 10, 21.
Hortico Inc.: 1, 2, 4, 6, 7, 14-16, 20, 21.
Old Rose Nursery: 1, 2, 8, 20, 23.
Pickering Nurseries: 1, 2, 4, 6, 8, 9, 12, 14, 15, 17, 21.
Richlyn Nurseries Ltd.: 1, 2, 21, 23.
Salisbury Greenhouse and Landscaping: 2, 4, 9, 18-20.
Sheridan Nurseries Ltd.: 2, 9, 18, 19, 23, 24.
Veseys Seeds Ltd.: 2, 4, 6, 9, 10.

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