Selecting a species
Always remember: before selecting a species, answer basic questions such as: What are the species’ characteristics? What hardiness zone is required? And don’t be put off by butternuts. After all, if we don’t attempt to grow them, they may actually become extinct. So why not take a page from the Wegners’ example and plant one or two to see whether you can help raise canker-resistant trees? Now, that’s a worthy—if not delicious—goal!
Finding info on nut trees
Where can you research what types grow where?
1. Visit arboretums and nut groves.
Go to the Crescent Bloom website for a Canadian listing of living tree museums. Southern Ontario, is home to the Oak Valley Pioneer Park located alongside the South Nation River. It’s home to oak trees, butternuts, hickory, nut pines, ginkgos, and hickory.
2. Browse nurseries.
Here are some examples:
3. Inform yourself.
A few links to get you started:
- Eastern Chapter Society of Ontario Nut Growers (ECSONG)
- Ontario government pdf Planting and Caring for Nut Trees
Planting a nut tree in your yard
Where to plant? Generally, keep these issues top of mind:
1. Well-drained soil is a must.
2. Neutral-to-acidic soils are usually best. Don’t know your soil type? Do a soil test.
3. Choose a sunny location.
4. Keep the ground within a metre, minimum, of the trunk weed-free.
6. Grimos' website recommends grafted rootstock because, they “are produced to duplicate the selections that have the best flavour, production, cracking quality and filling of the kernel. Grafted trees come into bearing at an early age, sometimes within two or three years.”
8. Spacing: research what different trees require. Butternuts, for instance, need about 12 metres of space.